Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence
AI at a glance
Artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer to learn, make decisions, and perform actions that are characteristic of human intelligence. AI is a science at the intersection of mathematics, biology, psychology, cybernetics, and a bunch of other things.
It studies technologies that allow humans to write "intelligent" programs and teach computers to solve problems on their own. The main task of AI is to understand how human intelligence works and to model it.
Machine learning (ML) is a set of algorithms that are used to create a machine that learns from its own experience.
Types of Artificial intelligence (AI)
Weak or Narrow AI
Weak intelligence is the kind that we have already been able to create. This kind of AI is capable of solving a certain problem. Often even better than a human. For example, Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov at chess back in 1996. But that Deep Blue can't do anything else and will never learn how to do it. Weak AI is used in medicine, logistics, banking, and business:
- Google's artificial intelligence is able to outperform experienced doctors in diagnosing breast cancer accurately. Thousands of screening results were used to do so. According to the American Cancer Society, doctors fail to diagnose cancer in about 20 percent of cases and often make a false diagnosis.
- Amazon, one of the world's leading AI companies, developed Fraud Detector. It helps fight online fraud, which causes people and companies to lose millions of dollars. The algorithm monitors users' actions in real-time, finds them, and reports on anomalies - for example, flagging suspicious orders that should be checked before a payment is made. This is used in banks, online stores, and large companies.
Strong or General AI
In the Detroit universe, robots are capable of learning, thinking, feeling, being aware of themselves and making decisions. In short, become similar to humans. And in real life, the closest to General AI are chatbots and virtual assistants that mimic human communication. Siri or Alice don't think and aren't capable of making decisions in situations they haven't been trained to make. They just imitate.
Strong or General AI
Humanity does not yet have the faintest idea how to do it or if it is even possible. These are not just intelligent machines, but computers that are superior to humans in every way. Simply put, it's something out of the realm of science fiction.